Effective treatment helps to prevent complications! There is no medicine that can cure chronic hepatitis B, but there are treatments that help prevent development of severe complications or complications that endanger patients’ lives. Some drugs work by increasing the immune response to infection. Other acts directly with the process by which the virus multiplies in the cell, reducing the amount of copies of virus in the blood. Treatment goals include:
- Reducing the amount of virus in the blood;
- Maintaining it as low over time.
To avoid complications, early detection of disease is necessary. Detection of HBV infection is important not only because of individual health consequences, but also because infected people can spread the disease.
Also that there is a vaccine that can prevent, very important in preventing infection. Because vaccination, hepatitis B incidence in our country dropped significantly in recent years, reaching 4.5%. The National Program of Immunization against hepatitis B which runs from 1994, all children are vaccinated against the disease in the first days of life.
Hepatitis B is 50 to 100 times more infectious than HIV, the virus that causes AIDS and that ‘dies’ at 120 degrees Celsius, compared to 65 degrees at which HIV is destroyed.
Hepatitis B is transmitted from person to person through blood and human fluids. The disease can be transmitted through unprotected sexual intercourse or intravenous administration of drugs and sharing needles and from mother to child during pregnancy. Also, hepatitis B virus can be transmitted using personal items (toothbrush, razor blade). Without treatment, the disease may progress to cirrhosis, liver failure, liver cancer and eventually death.
Medicines that have acted very well in maintaining low levels of viral replication and viral load control, after a period of time can not have an effect on the mutant viruses. Therefore, since viral load can increase rapidly again, is very important to chose a potent antiviral therapy that can suppress the virus quickly and offers a high genetic barrier against.